articular surface of the lateral condyle, lateral epicondyle, deformity. Distal femur fracture 1. June 7, 2016 Anatomy. plate-barrel (screw) angle is 95 degrees, as in the blade plate. the screw is placed, flexion and extension can still be adjusted, Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Google+ (Opens in new window). No. The lower end of the femur, called the distal end, articulates with the tibia of the lower leg. To prevent a Fracture of the Distal Femur, individuals should be careful and consciously aware, while performing any physical activities, such as sports, or even some normal daily activities that could lead to situations involving accidents. The lower end of the femur, called the distal end, articulates with the tibia of the lower leg. Patients typically are unable to ambulate with pain, swelling, and variable deformity in the lower thigh and knee. Anatomy, Patient assessment 3; Timing of treatment, Complications and technical failures 2; Essential concepts of pediatric fracture care 10; Metaphyseal. How can Fracture of the Distal Femur be Prevented? Medial and lateral condyles – Rounded areas at the end of the femur. Assessment of neurovascular status is mandatory. 33-M/3 Complete. Femur, also called thighbone, upper bone of the leg or hind leg. drill holes. kneejoint is parallel to the ground anatomicaxis (the angle between the shaft of the femur and the kneejoint) has a valgus angulation of 9 degrees (range, 7 to 11degrees) The more … Anatomy of the Distal Femur, Patella, and Knee. We are pleased to provide you with the picture named Proximal Leg And Distal Leg Bone Anatomy.We hope this picture Proximal Leg And Distal Leg Bone Anatomy can help you study and research. A blade not parallel to the joint will induce a varus or valgus 2 aTEA, PCL and TL are marked in the figure on left. Kumar K(1), Sharma D(2). anatomic Distal femur fractures most often occur either in older people whose bones are weak, or in younger people who have high energy injuries, such as from a car crash. the leg with two 5-mm Schanz pins. Anatomy . The epiphyseal ossification center of the distal femur is usually present at birth in a full-term infant. PCA is angle between sTEA and PCL (not marked in the picture) - "A study of anatomy of distal femur pertaining to total knee replacement: an analysis, conclusions and recommendations" 33-M/3 Complete. 11. The posterior and inferior surfaces articulate with the tibia and menisci of the knee, while the anterior surface articulates with the patella. This cartilage cushions the knee joint and allows for your knee to bend. Lecture 9 Chapter 6 . The supracondylar area of the femur is the zone between the femoral condyles and the junction of the metaphysis with the femoral shaft. The distal femur includes both the supracondylar and condylar regions (. used exposure. split ream opening to avoid seperating condyles. It - epiphyseal center of distal aspect of femur is present at birth in newborns, & it expands rapidly to fill both condylar regions. groove. A study of anatomy of distal femur pertaining to total knee replacement: an analysis, conclusions and recommendations. intra articular fractures). above can be done by a mini invasive technique as described by When viewing the distal surface of the femur end on, the condyles are wider posteriorly, thus forming a trapezoid. The femur is known as a long bone. of the trapezoidal shape of the distal femur, a posterior blade Russell using a femoral distractor placed on the lateral side of A fracture distal to this line is therefore extracapsular, whereas a fracture proximal to this is intracapsular. The anatomy of the distal femur explains the three major types of fracture. Children must be provided a safe environment to work, study, or play. Insert screw as for DHS remember A study of anatomy of distal femur pertaining to total knee replacement: an analysis, conclusions and recommendations | springermedizin.de Skip to main content In the elderly, the force may result from a minor slip or fall onto a flexed knee. A bimodal age distribution exists, with a high incidence in young males from high-energy trauma, such as motor vehicle or motorcycle accidents or falls from a height, and a second peak in elderly women from minor falls. June 7, 2016 Anatomy. the coronal plane (i.e., flexion and extension) should be such that the plate The distal bile duct is the far end of the cystic duct, the end away from the gallbladder. - collateral ligaments originate from distal femoral epiphysis & insert on proximal tibial epiphysis, w/ exception of superficial portion of MCL, … Cat. chapter 1: normal anatomy . The distal femoral anatomy of Australopithecus. 1). Douglas G. MD. The hip joint capsule inserts along the intertrochanteric line. Write. Check length and rotation, then attach side plate with at least 8 proximal ipsilateral hip, free drape leg. Parallel to the The main function of the groove is to stabilize the patella during ambulation. On average, the anatomic axis (the angle between the shaft of the femur and the knee joint) has a valgus angulation of 9 degrees (range, 7 to 11 degrees) (, Deforming forces from muscular attachments cause characteristic displacement patterns (. Entry point in line with The distal end of the femur is where it connects with the patella (knee cap) and the bones of the lower leg, the tibia, and fibula. Immediately lateral to the head is the neck that connects the head with the shaft. The head forms a ball-and-socket joint with the hip (at the acetabulum), being held in place by a ligament (ligamentum teres femoris) within the socket and by strong surrounding ligaments. Anatomy, Patient assessment 3; Timing of treatment, Complications and technical failures 2; Essential concepts of pediatric fracture care 10; Metaphyseal. Distal Femur Fractures with Retrograde Surgical Fixation with Intramedullary Nail. Distal femoral fractures involve the femoral condyles and the metaphyseal region and are often the result of high energy trauma such as motor vehicle accidents or a fall from a height. The distal end of the femur forms two rounded condyles which articulate with the tibia below and the patella anteriorly – the medial condyle and the lateral condyle. for more anatomy content please follow us and visit our website: www.anatomynote.com. tissue irritation. Anatomy / Femur – Distal End. Fig. Author information: (1)Department of Orthopedics, ESIC Medical College and Hospital, Faridabad, Haryana, India. The femur is the only bone located within the human thigh. 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